Join our email list

Be informed about ours new products, special offers, and seasonal specialites. Sign up now!

PDO and PGI product names in EU

European Union (EU) has three levels of certification provided to food products to ensure keeping their unique local value and to protect names of these food products.

PDO sign

PDO – Protected Designation of Origin - requires that the specific food product is fully produced in the specific area and made using the specific local know-how

Protected Geographical Indication

PGI – Protected Geographic Indication – is provided to food products with a strong link to a geographic area, requiring that at least a part of the product preparation takes place in this area.

A good example of a popular PGI product is the balsamic vinegar of Modena. Modena is a city in the northern Italy, between Milan and Bologna, close to Parma which is a city famous for its Parma ham (Prosciutto Di Parma).

As the Balsamic Vinegar of Modena is an Italian product, one may also see on its label the Italian indication – IGP which stands for “Indicazione Geografica Protetta” and which means the same - Protected Geographical Indication (PGI).

Italy has some 20% of all European products with PGI certification.

Only the Traditional Balsamic Vinegar of Modena (Aceto Balsamico Tradizionale)  has the PDO indication as it requires the traditional production process. The Italian name used for PDO is DOP - Denominazione di Origine Protetta.

All together, there are around 140 Italian products with DOP (PDO) and around 80 Italian products with IGP (PGI).